Amartya Sen was born in Bengal, India in 1933. When he was only ten, he witnessed the Great Bengal Famine, which had an everlasting effect on his works, and was a reason as to why he pursued Welfare Economics and Economic Development.
Jean Tirole has made important theoretical research contributions in a number of areas, but most of all he has clarified how to understand and regulate industries with a few powerful firms.
In 2010, Christopher Pissarides shared the Nobel Prize in Economics with Peter A. Diamond and Dale Mortensen for their analysis of markets with search frictions.
George Akerlof is the 2001 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics together with Michael Spence and Joseph Stieglitz for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information.